10提的棋牌

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【西安日报】“人类世”故事如何“钉”入地质史册

发表日期:2019-01-16来源:西安日报放大 缩小

10提的棋牌  ■JIZHE ZHANGXIAO SHIXISHENGLIUZHEN ZHANGJUAN

10提的棋牌  QIANBUJIU,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDIQIUHUANJINGYANJIUSUOTANLIANGCHENGHETIANJINDAXUEXUHAIKETIZUZHUANXIELEGUANDIANXINGWENZHANG《“RENLEISHI”SHOUYAOBIAOZHIWUDEXUANZE》,FENXILE5GEQIANZAIBIAOZHIWUJIEDING“RENLEISHI”DEHELIXING,FABIAOYU2019NIANDI22QIDEScience BulletinSHANG。

  “RENLEISHI”ZHUJIAOSHIRENLEI

10提的棋牌  HUOJIANGCHENGWEIZUIJINDEDIZHISHIQI

10提的棋牌  SHENMEJIAO“RENLEISHI”?WEIHEYAOZUOZHEIYANGDEDINGYINI?TANLIANGCHENGJIESHAO,HENDUORENKENENGDUI“RENLEISHI”GANJUEMOSHENG,DANYIDINGZHIDAO“ZHULUOJI”;“RENLEISHI”HEZHULUOJIYIYANG,SHIDIZHINIANDAIBIAOZHONGYONGLAIBIAOSHUDIQIULISHISHIJIANDESHIJIANDANWEI。ZHIBUGUOZHULUOJIBI“RENLEISHI”DESHIJIANDANWEIDA,ZHULUOJIDEZHUJIAOSHIKONGLONG,ER“RENLEISHI”DEZHUJIAOSHIWOMENRENLEI。

10提的棋牌  NEIDIZHINIANDAIBIAOYOUSHISHENMENI?RENMENWEILEJISUANRIZIFANGBIAN,YOULERILIDECHUXIAN;WEILEJISUANSHIJIANFANGBIAN,YOULEZHONGBIAODECHUXIAN;TONGYANGDE,DIZHIXUEJIAMENWEILEMIAOSHUDIQIULISHIFANGBIAN,BIANYOULEDIZHINIANDAIBIAODECHUXIAN。ZHENGRURILIYOUNIAN、YUE、RI,YITIANYOUSHI、FEN、MIAOYIYANG,DIZHINIANDAIBIAOYEYOUZIJIDEDANWEI,CONGDADAOXIAOYICISHIZHOU、DAI、JI、SHI。WOMENSUOSHUZHIDE“ZHULUOJI”JIWEIXIANSHENGZHOUZHONGSHENGDAIZHULUOJI,WOMENZHENGCHUZAIXIANSHENGZHOUXINSHENGDAIDISIJI,DISIJIYOUFENWEIGENGXINSHIHEQUANXINSHI。2000NIAN,DAQIHUAXUEJIA、NUOBEIERJIANGDEZHUPaul J. CrutzenSHOUCITICHU“RENLEISHI”YICI,RENWEIRENLEIHUODONGSHENKEGAIBIANLEDIQIUHUANJING,QUANXINSHIYIJINGJIESHU,“RENLEISHI”YIJINGLAKAIXUMU。SHIFOUJIANG“RENLEISHI”LIEWEIQUANXINSHIZHIHOUDEXINDEDIZHISHIDAI,CHENGWEIXIANJINDEREDIANWENTI。

  2009NIAN,GUOJIDICENGWEIYUANHUIZHUANMENCHENGLILEYOU34MINGZHUANJIAZUCHENGDE“RENLEISHI”GONGZUOXIAOZU(The Anthropocene Working Group,AWG),YITANJIU“RENLEISHI”DEJIANLIWENTI。SUIRANQIJIANLIWENTIYIZHICUNZAIZHENGYI,DANBUKEFOURENDESHIZAIRENLEIHUODONGDEYINGXIANGXIA,DIQIUYUANSHIMIANMAOJIDADIFASHENGLEGAIBIAN。TEBIESHIERZHANJIESHUYILAI,DIQIUDEGEQUANCENGFASHENGLEZHONGDABIANHUA,BEICHENGWEI“DIQIUZHIFEI”DEYAMAXUNYULINZHONGYUEYOU17%DESHUMUYIBEICUIHUI,QUANQIUYIBANYISHANGDESHANHUYIJINGSIWANG,NANJIBINGGAIDERONGHUASUDUZENGZHANGLEYUE6BEI……2019NIAN5YUE21RI,ZAIGUOJIDICENGWEIYUANHUIHUIYISHANG,AWGYI85%DEZANCHENGPIAO(29PIAO)TONGGUOLEYI20SHIJIZHONGQIWEIQIDIANDINGYI“RENLEISHI”DEJUEYI,“RENLEISHI”HUOJIANGCHENGWEIJUWOMENZUIJINDEDIZHISHIQI。

  NEIME,MEIGEDIZHISHIQISHIRUHEHUAFENHUOZHEDINGYIDENI?KETIZUCHENGYUANJIESHI:DADUOSHUDIZHISHIDAIDEHUAFENHEMINGMINGYOUYIDINGDEFANGSHIFANGFA。RUGENJUSHENGWUDEXIANZHUYUFOU,JIANGDIZHINIANDAIHUAFENWEIXIANSHENGZHOUHEYINSHENGZHOU;GENJUSHENGWUDEYANHUAJINCHENGJIANGXIANSHENGZHOUFENWEIGUSHENGDAI、ZHONGSHENGDAIHEXINSHENGDAI;GENJUDICENGBIAOZHUNPOUMIANHUOGUDAIMINZUMINGCHENG,HUOSHIDICENGDEMOUXIETEDIANMINGMINGJI,RUZHONGSUOZHOUZHIDEZHULUOJIQIYUANYUDEGUOHERUISHIJIAOJIEDEZHULUOSHAN。ER“RENLEISHI”DEMINGMINGGENGWEIJIANDAN,YIRENLEIHUODONGYINGXIANGZHIJUDAZHUCHENG。

  “RENLEISHI”YAOYONGSHENMELAIJIEDING?

  5GEQIANZAIBIAOZHIWUKENENGCHENGWEI“JINDINGZI”

  “RENLEISHI”YAOYONGSHENMELAIJIEDINGNI?KETIZUCHENGYUANSHUO,DIQIUSHANGDEZHOU、DAI、JI、SHI、QIDOUYAOYOU“JINDINGZI”LAIJIEDING。TONGYANGDI,“RENLEISHI”YAOXIANGCHENGWEIZHENGSHIDEDIZHINIANDAI,YEXUYAOYIMEI“JINDINGZI”,XUEMING“QUANQIUJIEXIANCENGXINGPOUMIANHEDIANWEI”。JIANDANJIANG,JIUSHIQUANQIUKEDUIBIDE,JUYOUMOUZHONGDAIBIAOXINGBIAOZHIWUDECENGXINGPOUMIAN。

  AWGYIJINGSHAIXUANCHUBAOKUOZHONGGUOHUGUANGYANMAERHUZAINEIDE10GEHOUXUANPOUMIAN,DANDAIBIAOXINGBIAOZHIWUYOUNAXIE?YOUGAIRUHESHAIXUANNI?

  ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDIQIUHUANJINGYANJIUSUOTANLIANGCHENGHETIANJINDAXUEXUHAIKETIZUZHUANXIELEGUANDIANXINGWENZHANG——《“RENLEISHI”SHOUYAOBIAOZHIWUDEXUANZE》,FENXILE5GEQIANZAIBIAOZHIWU(FANGSHEXINGHESU239+240Pu、QIUXINGTANZHIKELIWUSCPs、“JISHUHUASHI”SULIAO、NO3-&δ15NHEQIAN)JIEDING“RENLEISHI”DEHELIXING。

10提的棋牌  JUWENZHANGDIYIZUOZHEWANGTIANLIJIESHAO,FENXITAMENDEYUANYINSHI:YIFANGMIAN,TAMENSHIGUOJIQUANWEIGONGZUOZUAWGTIJIDEQIANZAIBIAOZHIWU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,HEHUODONGSHIZUIWEIZHONGYAODERENLEIHUODONGZHIYI,YU“RENLEISHI”QISHISHIJIAN(1950s)XIANGDUIYING,DIYIKEYUANZIDANBAOZHAHOUQIFANGSHEXINGSUIPIANSANLUOZAIQUANQIUGEDI,CHENGWEIDIZHIJILUDEYIBUFEN,MUQIANBEIRENWEIZUIYOUKENENGZUOWEI“JINDINGZI”BIAOZHUNDEBIAOZHIWU。QIUXINGTANZHIKELI、SULIAOYEFENBIEBEIYIXIEXUEZHEJIANYIZUOWEI“RENLEISHI”DEBIAOZHIWU。LINGWAI,GONGYEGEMINGYILAI,QUANQIUDEDANXUNHUAN,ZHONGJINSHU(RUQIANDENG)DEQIANYIZHUANHUAGUOCHENGFASHENGLEZHONGDAGAIBIAN,YOUBIYAOTANTAOQIZUOWEI“RENLEISHI”BIAOZHIWUDEKENENGXING。

  5GEQIANZAIBIAOZHIWUNAXIEYOUCHENGWEI“JINDINGZI”DEKENENGXINGNI?

  JUJIESHAO,FANGSHEXINGHESU239+240PuYIBEIGUANGFANJILUZAIQUANQIUDEHUZHAO、HAIYANGCHENJIWU、SHULUN、BINGXINHESHANHUDENGZAITIZHONG,ERQIEZAIBINGXINHESHANHUZHONGDOUXIANSHIZAI1950sCUNZAINONGDUGAOFENGZHI,KEYIZUOWEI“RENLEISHI”DESHOUYAOBIAOZHIWU,YUAWGDUOSHUCHENGYUANDEGUANDIANYIZHI。

10提的棋牌  QIUXINGTANZHIKELIWUSCPsSHIHUASHIRANLIAOGAOWENRANSHAO(>1000°C)DEFUCHANWU,ZAIDISIJISHIQIMEIYOUTIANRANLAIYUAN,GONGYEGEMINGYILAIZAIDICENGZHONGLIUXIALEXIANMINGDEJILU,YIBEIGUANGFANJILUZAILEQUANQIUDUOZHONGDIZHIZAITIZHONG,DANQIHANLIANGBIANHUAZAIQUANQIUBUTONGBU(OUMEIDIQUBIYAFEIDIQUZAOYUE10NIAN),XIANZHILEQIZUOWEISHOUYAOBIAOZHIWUDEKENENG,KEZUOWEIYIZHONGBIJIAOLIXIANGDECIYAOBIAOZHIWU。

  “JISHUHUASHI”SULIAOZESHI20SHIJIFAMINGDEXINXINGCAILIAO,1950NIANYILAIBEIDALIANGSHIYONGBINGZAIQUANQIUZAOCHENGLEYANZHONGDE“BAISEWURAN”,JINGZIWAIXIANFENJIEHOUXINGCHENGWEISULIAO,BEIMAIZANGZAIGEZHONGCHENJIWU(RUHAIYANGCHENJIWU)ZHONG。DANMUQIANQUEFAWEISULIAODECHENJIXULIEYANJIU,HAINANYIQUEDINGWEISULIAOSUISHIJIANDEBIANHUALISHI,WUFAPINGGUQIZUOWEI“RENLEISHI”BIAOZHIWUDEKENENGXING,ZHEIFANGMIANDEYANJIUJIDAIKAIZHAN。

  NO3-&δ15NZEYUANYUGONGYEGEMINGYILAIHUASHIRANLIAODERANSHAOHEDANFEIDESHIYONG,SHENKEDIGAIBIANLEQUANQIUNDESHENGWUDIQIUHUAXUEXUNHUAN。XIAOSUANCHENJIANGDAODIMIANHOU,YIXIAOSUANHUOXIAOSUANYANXINGSHIBAOCUNYUBINGXINZHONG,YIYOUJIWUXINGSHIBAOCUNZAISHUITICHENJIWUZHONG,HUOZHEBEISHUMUXISHOUJILUZAISHUMUNIANLUNLI。DANQIZAIDICENGHUANJINGZHONGDEBIANHUARONGYISHOUDAOZIRANHUANJINGDEYINGXIANG。RU,BINGXINZHONG(TEBIESHIBINGXUECHENJISULVMANDEBINGXIN)DENO3-HUIYINWEIXIAOSUANDEGUANGJIEZAOCHENGNO3-DESUNSHIHEZAIFENPEI。δ15NZAISHUITICHENJIWUHESHULUNZHONGDEBIANHUASHOURENLEIHUODONGHEQIHOUHUANJINGDESHUANGZHONGZUOYONG,NAZHONGZUOYONGGENGZHANYOUSHIQUJUEYUJUTIDEHUBOHUANJINGHESHUMUDESHENGZHANGHUANJING。YINCI,HENNANJIANGQIZUOWEI“RENLEISHI”DEBIAOZHIWU。

  QIAN(Pb):QIANJIQIHUAHEWUDEXINGZHIWENDING,SHIYIZHONGBUKEJIANGJIEDEWURANWU。RENMENTONGGUOCAIKUANGHEYELIANHUODONG,HANQIANQIYOUDESHIYONGDENGXIANGHUANJINGZHONGSHIFANGLEDALIANGHANQIANWURANWU,TONGGUODAQICHUANSHUJIGANSHICHENJIANGGUOCHENG,QUANQIUDUOZHONGDIZHIZAITIZHONGJUNYOUJILURENLEIHUODONGDAOZHIDEPbNONGDUBIANHUA。DANQINONGDUBIANHUAYUSCPsXIANGSI,CUNZAIQUANQIUBUTONGBUXINGDEWENTI(OUMEIDIQUBIYAFEIDIQUZAOYUE20NIAN),JIANYIQIZUOWEICIYAOBIAOZHIWU。

10提的棋牌  QIANMIANSHILISHI,HOUMIANSHIWEILAI。JINTIANHUICHENGWEIMINGTIANDELISHI,“RENLEISHI”DEGUSHIJIANGHUIRUHE“DING”RUDIZHISHICENI?“WOMENSHIMUYIDAI。”TANLIANGCHENGYANJIUYUANBIAOSHI。

 

附件:

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